Australia vs Canada. Where should I migrate?

If you are hoping to migrate, odds are you are thinking about Canada and Australia – two of the most well-known destinations. Both nations offer a high caliber of life and way of life. They both additionally utilize a focuses based migration framework.

To settle on your choice somewhat less demanding we look at the two on the accompanying vital parameters:

Job opportunities
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Both the nations depend on mining and characteristic assets and consequently have the best paid occupations in their step for settlers. There are a few occupations that are preferred in one nation over in the other – for instance, opportunities for medical caretakers are preferred in Canada over in Australia.

Canada is a much greater assembling base when contrasted with Australia, while Australia is all the more broadly mainstream for its US IT firms and their local Head-Quarters.

Along these lines, hands on wages are better in Canada, while clerical occupations pay more in Australia.
Cost of living

The typical cost for basic items is high in Australia because of its lodging charges. Lodging in Canada is much more moderate exactly when contrasted with Australia. Customary living costs additionally have a tendency to be higher in Australia that they are in Canada.

Both in Australia and in Canada, assessments are the primary cost inhabitants need to shoulder.

Tax
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In Canada there is commonplace VAT and there is government VAT which means an aggregate on 13% in Ontario. You pay this assessment on generally buys. The 13% vat is not joined into the sticker price more often than not, so if you purchase a thing at $10, you will pay $11.30 when you get to the clerk.

When you land in Toronto you should apply for a Social Insurance Number (SIN) before you start to work. The measure of salary duty you pay in Toronto clearly relies on upon the amount you make. There are two sorts of expenses you will pay, common and government. Each area in Canada has a different assessment rate contingent upon your pay; however everyone pays the same rate of government expense. In any case, both charges are removed your compensation in the meantime
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In Australia, the vat is a 10 percent level rate on buys and is consolidated into the deal cost. Australians utilize an expense record number (TFN) to identify themselves for assessment purposes. Upon entry in Australia it’s basic to apply for one ASAP. The Australian assessment year begins on July first consistently and closures June 30th. Numerous Australians get charge discounts each year and if you are taking a shot at a working occasion visa you will typically get 100 percent of your expense returned

Weather

Both countries have contradicting seasons. When it is winter in Canada is summer in Australia, so during December in Toronto you will wear long johns and in Sydney you will wear your swimming outfit if anything by any stretch of the imagination.
christmas in canada in winter
Toronto has four unmistakable seasons with warm, moist summers and cool winters. The climate in Toronto has significant fluctuation in everyday temperature, especially amid the colder climate season. The winters in Toronto are unforgiving, yet gentle in contrast with different spots in Canada.

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While Sydney has a calm atmosphere with warm summers and mellow winters, with precipitation spread consistently. Likewise, Sydney is significantly less muggy than a Toronto summer.

Diversity
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Australia and additionally Canada have a broadly assorted populace, yet with different ethnicity components. Canada has an overwhelming Chinese, Indian, Sri Lankan, Jamaican base and an outstandingly expanding number of Middle Eastern populaces.

Australia, then again, has a more different populace, with Indonesian, Thai and Lebanese as the predominant groups, and little Central or South American people group.

Ease of application

Regularly, the visa application process for Canada is less demanding, notwithstanding the late accentuation on having familiarity with English or French. While both capacity on a focuses based process and have a favored abilities list, Canada has far less visa sub-classes and less stringent visa application appraisals.

Permanent residency 

Increasing lasting residency for Australia or Canada is all in light of qualification and elements that influence the settler’s future prospects inside the nation, for example, field of ability, work experience, references and relations in the nation.

1. The primary difference is on the evaluation of aptitudes in the both the nations. In Australia, talented relocation must have their qualifications and work encounter officially surveyed before applying to migrate while in Canada, just qualification are evaluated.

2. Albeit one can have preferred standpoint of an early evaluation process in Canada, it is admonitory as it were. In Australia the appraisal is material in all states and domains though in Canada formal acknowledgment of a qualification in one state does not infer that it would have acknowledgment in another. It requires various acknowledgments if the transient plans to move into different spot. This is an additional favorable position in Australia.

3. Instruction is uninhibitedly accessible similar to all wellbeing administrations. Both nations work on a fundamentally the same as free general wellbeing framework. Anything that is a crisis will be dealt with quickly and anything that is considered superfluous or elective will go on a holding up rundown.

It’s implied that one who gets the entrance to Australia gets an entrance to New Zealand also. Canada is likewise called as world capital with regards to movement with greatest fascination towards Ontario and Quebec and Vancouver. The nation has much notoriety in India.

1. There is likewise a difference with regards to work power cooperation rate. In Australia, a higher transient cooperation rate often prompts a higher livelihood rate where as in Canada the higher vagrant interest rate is nearly connected with a higher unemployment rate.

2. With regards to government disability advantages, one needs to sit tight for a long time in Australia while one gets quick access to this office in Canada.

3. Australia is considered very aggressive while Canada is accepted to be a family arranged and group minded.

4. Australia and Canada are both fundamentally the same as in lifestyles and the kind of individuals you will meet. Australia is not any more bigot than anyplace else on the planet. Yes here and there supremacist assaults do happen. But since they are so few and far between they often make worldwide news. If it’s not too much trouble attempt to recollect to not passing judgment on numerous by the BAD conduct of a couple. Australia when all is said in done is a much laid back inviting nation, as is Canada. Openings for work in both nations are fundamentally the same as.

5. Lodging/rentals/sustenance is somewhat more costly in Australia than Canada, especially in the real urban areas.

Conclusion
As of now specified, the parameters of living in another nation can be different for the two different people or families. Along these lines, it completely relies on upon your profile, training, job opportunity you are looking for, spending plan, geographic area, and numerous all the more such things.

Subsequently, it is constantly better to counsel with a certified and authority immigration expert, if you are befuddled about your choice. Immigrate is a tough choice. Deciding on which countries to migrate is even harder. 101Migration give immigration consultation that address your issues, prerequisites, and inclinations and being a licence professional, we can do our best to gives you the best direction.

Migration to Australia from the United States

The United States and Australia maintain shared democratic values, common interests, and cultural affinities. Australians enjoy ideal climates and lifestyles all year round with prosperous career opportunities and a high standard of living for all.

Individuals from the United States wanting to migrate to and visit Australia have various options available to them, including:

  • Work and holiday visas for young Americans aged between 18 and 30 years of age to temporarily enter the Australian workforce and engage with local culture first hand;
  • Temporary work visas for highly-skilled visa applicants with Australian-based employment opportunities including U.S businesses establishing Australian operations;
  • Partner visas for US citizens in de-facto or married relationships with Australian citizens;
  • Temporary and permanent Business Innovation and Investment visas options for high net wealth individuals able to invest a minimum of AUD5million into complying significant investments;
  • Student visas for individuals wishing to study a registered full-time course in Australia;
  • Skill Select options for highly skilled visa applicants who have the necessary education and qualifications, who can apply for a skilled visa to settle in Australian cities or regional areas with or without state Government sponsorship.
  • Parent visas for those applicants with children already settled in Australia as permanent residents or citizens.

SeekVisa Lawyers have significant experience acting for people from across the world including migrants from the United States. We can assist you with obtaining the right type of visa. Please contact us today if you would like to speak to one of our experienced Immigration Lawyers and Registered Migration Agents.

New Zealanders in Australia

Background

The Australian and New Zealand Governments have had arrangements in place since the 1920s to facilitate a free flow of people between the two countries.

The 1973 Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement has allowed Australian and New Zealand citizens to enter each other’s country to visit, live and work, without the need to apply for authority to enter the other country before travelling.

The movement of New Zealand citizens to and from Australia depends on a number of factors, for example the economic conditions of both countries. The number of New Zealand citizens in Australia increases in good economic times in Australia relative to New Zealand, and decreases when the economic conditions slow.

At 30 June 2013, an estimated 640 770 New Zealand citizens were present in Australia.

Special Category Visa

Since 1 September 1994, all non-citizens in Australia must hold a visa.

The Special Category visa (SCV) is a temporary visa introduced for New Zealand citizens. A New Zealand citizen wanting to enter Australia needs to present a valid New Zealand passport and incoming passenger card for immigration clearance. By doing so, New Zealand citizens are considered to have applied for a visa and, subject to health or character considerations, will be granted an SCV. This visa is recorded electronically and the person’s passport may be stamped, showing the date of arrival in Australia.

New Zealand citizens with tuberculosis or any criminal convictions (that resulted in imprisonment or a suspended sentence) should approach the nearest Australian immigration office to discuss their entry to Australia before travelling to Australia.

Those who use the SmartGate automated border processing system at airports will be advised they have been granted a visa and can request to have their passport stamped.

People who become New Zealand citizens after their arrival in Australia, or enter on a passport from another country, can apply for an SCV at a departmental office.

In general, New Zealand citizens who were in Australia on 1 September 1994 automatically became SCV holders on that date.

More information about the SCV is available.
See: Special Category Visa

Changes introduced on 26 February 2001

A new bilateral social security arrangement between Australia and New Zealand was announced on 26 February 2001. This agreement sets out arrangements for payment of age pension, disability support pension and carer payment to New Zealand citizens in Australia.

It also recognised the right of each country to determine access to social security benefits not covered by the agreement, and to set related residence and citizenship rules according to the respective country’s national legislative and policy frameworks. In line with that principle Australia introduced a number of supplementary changes.

As a result, the Social Security Act 1991 requires New Zealand citizens who arrived in Australia after 26 February 2001 to apply for and be granted an Australian permanent visa to access certain social security payments (including income support payments) that are not covered by the bilateral agreement.

To support this requirement, changes were also made to citizenship and migration legislation to require New Zealand citizens to become permanent visa holders if they want to obtain Australian citizenship or sponsor their family members for a permanent visa.

Under transitional arrangements, these changes did not affect New Zealand citizens who:

  • were in Australia on 26 February 2001 as SCV holders
  • were outside Australia on 26 February 2001, but were in Australia as an SCV holder for a total of 12 months in the two years prior to that date, and subsequently returned to Australia
  • have a certificate issued under the Social Security Act 1991 stating that they were residing in Australia on a particular date. These certificates are no longer issued.

For more information in relation to the social security entitlements of New Zealand citizens in Australia contact the Department of Human Services.
See:Department of Human Services

Do New Zealand citizens need to apply for a permanent visa?

The SCV is a temporary visa. However, it allows a New Zealand citizen to remain indefinitely and live, work or study in Australia lawfully as long as that person remains a New Zealand citizen.

As the SCV is not a permanent visa, visa holders do not have the same rights and benefits as Australian citizens or Australian permanent residents.

Both Australian permanent residents and SCV holders are generally not able to:

Whether New Zealand citizens apply for an Australian permanent visa is ultimately a decision for each person to make based on their individual circumstances.

All Australian permanent visas have legislated eligibility requirements that must be met. Not all New Zealand citizens will qualify, or continue to qualify, for an Australian permanent visa. This should be taken into account when making the decision whether to settle permanently in Australia.

More information is available about New Zealand citizens entering or living in Australia.
See: New Zealand citizens

Australian citizenship

Applying for citizenship

Those New Zealand citizens covered by the transitional arrangements are able to apply for Australian citizenship without first becoming a permanent visa holder. Those arriving on or after 27 February 2001 must first apply for and be granted a permanent visa.

All applicants for Australian citizenship aged 18 years and over must satisfy character requirements.

New Zealand citizens who apply for Australian citizenship and who do not hold a permanent visa must provide overseas penal clearance certificates to support their application. This is because these clients generally have not provided those certificates prior to becoming resident in Australia.

This applies to New Zealand citizen applicants aged 18 years or over regardless of how long they have resided in Australia.

New Zealand citizens who arrived in Australia before the age of 18 years and have not left Australia since are not required to provide this information.

More information about applying for Australian citizenship is available on the department’s website.
See: New Zealand citizens living in Australia

Citizenship by birth—before 1 September 1994

People born in Australia on or after 26 January 1949 and before 20 August 1986 became an Australian citizen by birth, with the exception of children born to a parent who was living in Australia temporarily as a diplomat or as the holder of a special purpose visa, for example guests of government, air crew or armed forces and their families.

Following amendments to the Australian Citizenship Act 1948, a person born in Australia on or after 20 August 1986 and before 1 September 1994 is only an Australian citizen by birth if at least one of their parents was an Australian citizen or permanent resident at the time of the their birth.

This does not include the children of New Zealand citizens who were in Australia as ‘exempt non-citizens’. Children born in Australia to these New Zealand citizens between 20 August 1986 and 31 August 1994 were also ‘exempt non-citizens’. They were not required to hold an entry permit and were regarded as a permanent resident for the period of time they spent in Australia prior to 1 September 1994.

Citizenship by birth—from 1 September 1994 to 26 February 2001

A child born in Australia between 1 September 1994 and 26 February 2001, to a New Zealand citizen parent who held an SCV or a permanent visa is an Australian citizen by birth.

Citizenship by birth—from 27 February 2001

A child born in Australia on or after 27 February 2001 to a New Zealand citizen parent is not an Australian citizen by birth unless the New Zealand citizen parent:

  • held an Australian permanent visa
  • was a dual Australian-New Zealand citizen
  • was covered by the transitional arrangements for the 26 February 2001 changes.

Automatic acquisition of citizenship on 10th birthday

A child born in Australia on or after 20 August 1986 who did not acquire Australian citizenship at birth automatically acquires it on their 10th birthday if they have been residing in Australia since their birth. This provision operates regardless of the parents’ immigration or citizenship status.

Statistical information

Permanent and long-term arrivals and departures

New Zealand citizens are not counted as part of Australia’s annual migration program. They are included in settler arrival and net overseas migration figures (if they are in Australia for 12 months or more over a 16 month period). New Zealand has high immigration in proportion to its population. It also has a high level of emigration, much of which is to Australia.

In the 2012-13 financial year 52 012 New Zealand citizens came to Australia as permanent and long-term arrivals. This represented a decrease of 13.7 per cent on the previous year. Of these 41 230 arrived as permanent settlers and 10 782 were long-term arrivals. This represented a 6.9 per cent decrease on the previous year for permanent arrivals and a 32.6 per cent decrease on the previous year for long-term arrivals.

Permanent departures of New Zealand citizens increased in 2012-13 to 10 875 (up 19.5 per cent from 2011-12) but long-term departures decreased to 5829 (down 15.4 per cent).

This represents a net permanent and long-term increase of New Zealand citizens in Australia during 2012-13 of 35 308, a decrease of 20.3 per cent on the previous year. Of these 20.2 per cent stated they intended to live in New South Wales, 32.6 per cent in Queensland, 23.0 per cent in Victoria and 19.8 per cent in Western Australia. Of those who indicated they had an occupation, 59.2 per cent were skilled, 20.0 per cent were semi-skilled and around 20.7 per cent were unskilled or were believed to be employed but did not provide an adequate description to properly classify their occupation.

New Zealanders in the labour market

New Zealand citizens have a high labour-force participation rate (78.2 per cent at July 2012) compared with those born in Australia (68.0 per cent). At July 2012, people born in New Zealand had an unemployment rate of 4.8 per cent, compared to 4.9 per cent for people born in Australia.

Short-term arrivals

During 2012-13, short-term arrivals of New Zealand citizens totalled 1 051 529, an increase of 0.3 per cent over the previous year.

This is general information only. For case specific advice, please contact the Department.

Visitor Visa and 8503 No Further Stay condition waiver

Most Australian visas come with certain conditions attached and we will focus on 8503 No Further Stay Condition, which often appears on Visitor Visa granted to tourists vising Australia. It is important to mention that there are other visa subclasses that can be granted with the 8503 ‘No Further Stay’, such as: Training and Research visa (subclass 402) and Work and Holiday visa (subclass 462).

Essentially, 8503 No Further Stay condition is imposed on visas to limit the visa holders’ options to apply for further visas, once they arrive to Australia. Under the Migration legislation, visa holders that are subject to the above-mentioned condition can’t apply for any other Australian visa with the exemption of Protection Visa subclass 866.

We are often asked by our clients, what are the practical implications of the condition on their visa and whether if they apply for Partner Visa (820/801) or Temporary Work (Skilled) Visa (subclass 457) the visa application will result in a refusal. Well the truth is that you can’t even make an application, as it will be invalid and as such the delegates from Department of Immigration will not even consider it.

In order to make another visa application while in Australia and subject to 8503 condition, firstly applicants must have the No Further Stay condition waived. In order to satisfy the criteria for the wavier of the condition, the applicant must demonstrate that since the visa was granted, compelling and compassionate circumstances have developed, over which the person had no control and it resulted in a major change to the person’s circumstances. We cannot stress enough the importance of obtaining the migration advice prior to the lodgement of waiver application, as it can be done only once and if the waiver application is refused, the applicant can try again, but Compelling and Compassionate circumstances must be substantially different to claims expressed in the first waiver application. Compelling and Compassionate circumstances that would constitute grounds for the waiver are not defined in the migration legislation, therefore it is crucial that the prospective waiver applicant seeks migration advice.

Contact us by email  [email protected] or call us on +61 (3) 9521 7577 to learn more about 8503 No Further Stay waiver.

Seek Visa International by Vojislav Kablar